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Angie Duncan
District Dyslexia Coordinator

Texas Education Code (TEC) §38.003 Defines dyslexia and related disorders in the following way:

Dyslexia is a disorder of constitutional origin manifested by difficulty in learning to read, write, or spell, despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence, and sociocultural opportunity. “Related disorders” include disorders similar to or related to dyslexia, such as developmental auditory imperceptions, dysphasia, specific developmental dyslexia, developmental dysgraphia, and developmental spelling disability.

Taken from: The Texas Dyslexia Handbook

Characteristics of Dyslexia include difficulties with:

  • Identifying and recalling the names of alphabet letters, numbers, and familiar objects

  • Mapping sounds to letters

  • Reading words in isolation or reading unknown words

  • Reading fluency

  • Spelling

  • Reading comprehension

  • Written expression

The following are the primary reading/spelling characteristics of dyslexia:

  • Difficulty reading words in isolation

  • Difficulty accurately decoding unfamiliar words

  • Difficulty with oral reading (slow, inaccurate, or labored without prosody)

  • Difficulty spelling



    • Segmenting, blending, and manipulating sounds in words (phonemic awareness)

    • Learning the names of letters and their associated sounds

    • Holding information about sounds and words in memory (phonological memory)

    • Rapidly recalling the names of familiar objects, colors, or letters of the alphabet (rapid naming 

Consequences of dyslexia may include the following:

  • Variable difficulty with aspects of reading comprehension

  • Variable difficulty with aspects of written language

  • Limited vocabulary growth due to reduced reading experiences

Talking Book Program

The Talking Book Program (TBP) provides free library services to qualifying Texans with visual, physical, or reading disabilities.  TBP is part of the National Library Service to the Blind and Print Disables, a program administered by the Library of Congress.  The TBP collection consists of more than 100,000 titles, including hundreds of titles in Spanish, and some in French, German, Russian, and other languages. 


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